- January 12, 2015
- All Maryland Issuing Offices
- UNDERWRITING - Maryland "Super-Priority" Liens for HOA and Condo Association Dues in a Foreclosure
This Bulletin does not supersede any prior Maryland Bulletin.
Title insurance professionals who review or insure post-foreclosure transactions should be aware that Maryland provides "super-priority" lien status for homeowner’s association (HOA) and/or condominium liens in the context of foreclosures of mortgages or deeds of trust. In other words, in the event of a foreclosure, certain charges resulting from an HOA or condominium lien are considered to be valid (i.e., due and payable), despite the fact that they are recorded after the foreclosed instrument, and would otherwise be wiped out as subordinate liens.
1. CONDOMINUM SUPER-PRIORITY LIEN:
MD Real Property §11–110(f)(2) and §11–110(f)(3) state that, in the event of a foreclosure of a mortgage or deed of trust on a condominium unit, a portion of a condominium’s liens against the unit shall have priority over any mortgage or deed of trust that is recorded against the unit on or after October 1, 2011. This amount includes up to four months, or a maximum of $1,200.00, of:
"… unpaid regular assessments for common expenses that are levied by the condominium association in accordance with the requirements of the declaration of bylaws of the condominium."
In short, four months of regular condominium dues, or $1,200.00, whichever is the lesser amount, must be paid to the condominium association.
The four month/$1,200.00 amount does not include:
- Costs of collection;
- Late charges;
- Attorney’s fees;
- Special assessments; or
- Any other costs or sums due under the declaration or bylaws of the condominium or as provided under any contract, law, or court order. §11–110(f)(3).
2. HOA SUPER-PRIORITY LIEN:
MD Real Property §11B-117(c)(2) and §11B-117(c)(3) includes identical provisions to those found in MD Real Property §11–110(f)(2) and §11–110(f)(3), except that they apply to HOA dues instead of condominium association dues. The lien priority is for 4 months of regular HOA dues, or $1,200.00, whichever is less.
3. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
Both of these statutes require the governing body of the condominium or homeowner’s association to provide the holder of a mortgage or deed of trust, upon request, with written information about the portion of any lien that may have priority over the foreclosed mortgage or deed of trust. If they fail to respond, the HOA or condominium lien will lose its priority over the foreclosed instrument.
Please consult with a Maryland Underwriter if you require additional information about the contents of this Bulletin.
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